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Fatwa 教義問答
OmarHanan 歐馬哈南Text Box: Basic principles of Islamic law
伊斯蘭法的基本原則
Islamic law contains two parts—— worshipping and daily life habits.
伊斯蘭法分崇拜與日常生活習慣二部分。
When we are talking about worshipping (praying, fasting Ramadan, zakat, hajj,,,), we only follow what is mentioned in Qurān and Sunnah. There must be a proof in Qurān or Sunnah for everything related to worshipping, as we cannot add or delete anything by ourselves. So whoever claims that this act of worshipping is from Islam, he should prove it; whoever says this act of worshipping is not from Islam, he should also prove it.
當我們談論到有關崇拜的部分(禮拜、齋月封齋、天課、朝覲……),我們只能遵守《古蘭經》和聖行所提到的東西,只要跟崇拜有關的事物,必定在《古蘭經》或聖行有跡可證,我們不能做任何增減。因此,任何人只要聲稱這種有關崇拜的做法是來自伊斯蘭,他就必須要證明它;同樣地,任何人只要說這種有關崇拜的做法不是來自伊斯蘭,他也必須提出證據證明。
Example 1: If someone says that no need to fast Ramadan and we can fast any other time, he should prove it from Qurān or Sunnah.
例一:如果有人說不需在齋月封齋,我們可以在其他任何時間封齋,他就必須在《古蘭經》或聖行中提出證據。
Example 2: If someone says that you should pray six times a day not five, he should prove it from Qurān or Sunnah. 
例二:如果有人說每天主命拜有六次而不是五次,他就必須在《古蘭經》或聖行中提出證據。
When we are talking about daily life habits (eating, drinking, dressing, talking, going, coming, gatherings, events,,,,), everything is allowed and Halal except forbidden in Qurān or Sunnah. Regarding this part, there is no need for any evidence to prove that something is halal in daily life. On the contrary, whoever says that something is haram in daily life, he should show the evidence of forbiddance and prove it.
至於日常生活習慣這部分(吃、喝、穿、說話、來、去,聚會、活動……),每件事情都是允許且合乎教法的,除非在《古蘭經》或聖行明文禁止。關於這部分,不需要任何證據證明生活中的某件事是合乎教法的,相反的,只要有人說某件事是違反教法的,他就必須舉出禁止的證據證明。
Example 1: If someone says that it is haram to eat shrimps, he should prove the forbiddance in Qurān or Sunnah.
例一:如果有人說吃蝦子是違反教法的,他就必須在《古蘭經》或聖行中提出證據證明這是禁止的。
Example 2: If someone says that it is haram to do supplication after praying, he should prove the forbiddance in Qurān or Sunnah.
例二:如果有人說禮拜完做祈禱是違反教法的,他就必須在《古蘭經》或聖行中提出證據證明這是禁止的。